Resident Research

The residency program requires residents to design, complete, and submit two research projects for publication in an academic journal of their choosing. Residents may research any topic of interest, retrospective, prospective or basic science in nature. We have full-time research faculty and receive NIH funding.

Upon completion of their intern year, residents are provided an outline for successful completion of research requirements. Prior to initiation, residents are encouraged to identify a faculty mentor who will provide guidance and monitor progress throughout the projects completion.  Two months during the PGY-3 year and one month during the PGY-4 year is dedicated to research activities.  All research activities have a mentor and are supervised by the research committee consisting of Drs. Thomas Gal, Mark Fritz, Matthew Bush, and Jennifer Shinn.

The primary objective of resident research is to submit papers for publication in peer-reviewed journals. Additionally, residents are encouraged to submit their work for presentation at national meetings. The Department of Otolaryngology – HNS will cover travel and accommodation expenditures for any resident following acceptance of their research to a national meeting.

The UK Department of Otolaryngology believes that resident research is an integral part of developing future leaders, clinicians, and scientists in the specialty of otolaryngology. As such, considerable resources have been invested in recent years into developing the resident research experience.  Heavy input from current residents has assisted in the development of an enjoyable research curriculum and methodology.

Recent Resident Publications/Presentations:

Lehmkuhl B, Andaloro C. Tullio Phenomenon. 2020 Dec 11. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2021 Jan–. PMID: 30020601.

Craker NC, Gal TJ, Wells L, Schadler A, Pruden S, Aouad RK. Chronic Opioid Use after Laryngeal Cancer Treatment: A VA Study. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020 Apr;162(4):492-497. doi: 10.1177/0194599820904693. Epub 2020 Feb 25. PMID: 32093569.

Mahairas AD, Neff RCraker N, McNulty BN, Shinn JB, Bush ML. Trends in Opioid Usage Following Tympanoplasty and Mastoidectomy. Otol Neurotol. 2020 Sep;41(8):e1035-e1040. doi: 10.1097/MAO.0000000000002709. PMID: 32558746.

Gal TJ, O'Brien KJ, Chen Q, Huang B. Clinical vs Microscopic Extranodal Extension and Survival in Oropharyngeal Carcinoma in the Human Papillomavirus Era. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2020 May;162(5):693-701. doi: 10.1177/0194599820910431. Epub 2020 Mar 10. PMID: 32151208.

Van Horn A, Hayden C, Mahairas AD, Leader P, Bush ML. Factors Influencing Aberrant Facial Nerve Stimulation Following Cochlear Implantation: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Otol Neurotol. 2020 Sep;41(8):1050-1059. doi: 10.1097/MAO.0000000000002693. PMID: 32558747.

Gal TJ, Slezak JA, Kejner AE, Chen Q, Huang B. Treatment trends in oropharyngeal carcinoma: Surgical technology meets the epidemic. Oral Oncol. 2019 Oct;97:62-68. doi: 10.1016/j.oraloncology.2019.08.007. Epub 2019 Aug 14. PMID: 31421473.

Thiel C, Yang J, Crawley B, Krishna P, Murry T. Aerodynamic Characteristics of Syllable and Sentence Productions in Normal Speakers. J Voice. 2019 May;33(3):297-301. doi: 10.1016/j.jvoice.2017.11.016. Epub 2018 Jan 8. PMID: 29326024.

Neff RM, Jicha G, Westgate PM, Hawk GS, Bush ML, McNulty B. Neuropathological Findings of Dementia Associated With Subjective Hearing Loss. Otol Neurotol. 2019 Oct;40(9):e883-e893. doi: 10.1097/MAO.0000000000002381. PMID: 31498297.

O'Brien KJ, Snapp KR, Dugan AJ, Westgate PM, Gupta N. Risk Factors Affecting Length of Stay in Patients with Deep Neck Space Infection. Laryngoscope. 2020 Sep;130(9):2133-2137. doi: 10.1002/lary.28367. Epub 2019 Nov 25. PMID: 31763702.

Dhanireddy B, Burnett NP, Sanampudi S, Wooten CE, Slezak J, Shelton B, Shelton L, Shearer A, Arnold S, Kudrimoti M, Gal TJ.Am J Otolaryngol. 2019 Jun 4. pii: S0196-0709(19)30186-3. doi: 10.1016/j.amjoto.2019.06.001. [Epub ahead of print]Outcomes in surgically resectable oropharynx cancer treated with transoral robotic surgery versus definitive chemoradiation.

Fletcher KT, Dicken FW, Adkins MM, Cline TA, McNulty BN, Shinn JB, Bush ML.Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2019 Jul;161(1):63-66. doi: 10.1177/0194599819835541. Epub 2019 Mar 5 Audiology Telemedicine Evaluations: Potential Expanded Applications.

Fletcher KT, Horrell EMW, Ayugi J, Irungu C, Muthoka M, Creel LM, Lester C, Bush ML. Otol Neurotol. 2018 Aug;39(7):854-864. doi: 10.1097/MAO.0000000000001861. The Natural History and Rehabilitative Outcomes of Hearing Loss in Congenital Cytomegalovirus: A Systematic Review.

Noblitt B, Alfonso KP, Adkins M, Bush ML.  Otol Neurotol. 2018 Jun;39(5):e307-e313. doi: 10.1097/MAO.0000000000001777. Barriers to Rehabilitation Care in Pediatric Cochlear Implant Recipients.

Alfonso KP, Kaufman M, Aouad R. Are Difficult Tracheostomies the ‘Standard’ for Otolaryngologists? American Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Medicine and Surgery 2018.

Bush M, Kaufman M, McNulty B. Disparities in Access to Pediatric Hearing Healthcare. Current Opinion in Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery 2017. - Read More Here

Bush M, Kaufman M, Shackleford T. Compliance in the Cancer Care Setting: A Systematic Review of Patient Navigation to Traverse Treatment Barriers. Journal of Cancer Education. 2017

Barnett M, Hixon B, Okwiri N, Irungu C, Ayugi J, Thompson R, Shinn J, Bush M. Factors Involved in Access and Utilization of Adult Hearing Healthcare: A Systematic Review. Laryngoscope. 2016 Aug; 127: 1187-1194.

Gal TJ, Hixon B, Zhang P. Transoral Robotic Resection of a Combined Laryngocele. J Robotic Surg. 2016 Dec.

Hixon B, Chan S, Adkins M, Shinn J, Bush M. Timing and Impact of Hearing Healthcare in Adult Cochlear Implant Comparison. Otol Neurotol. 2016 Oct; 37 (9): 1320-4

Hixon B, Chan S, Adkins M, Shinn J, Bush M. Assessment of rural adult hearing health disparities-access to care in cochlear implantation. Poster Presentation, 2016 Triological Society Combined Sections Meeting, Miami, FL. Podium Presentation, 2016 International Conference on Cochlear Implants, Toronto, Canada.

Chan S, Hixon B, Shinn J, Bush M. Hearing loss in rural adults: A geographic comparison of access to care in hearing aid recipients. Poster Presentation (SC), 2016 Triological Society COSM, Chicago, IL.

Fiorillo CE, Bush M, Studts T. Assessing and Addressing Behavioral Problems in Children with Hearing Loss. Presented at the 2015 UK Research Symposium.

Fiorillo CE, Hughes AL, Westgate PM, Gal TJ, Bush ML, Comer BT. Factors Associated with No-Show Rates in an Academic Otolaryngology Practice. Presented Apr 16, 2016 at the KSO meeting in Louisville and 2016 UK Research Symposium

Alfonso KP, Aouad R. Are Difficult Tracheostomies the ‘Standard’ for Otolaryngologists?
Podium Presentation, American Academy of Otolaryngology Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA, Fall 2016.  

Alfonso KP, Comer, BT. Audible sphenoid-sellar fistula: An unusual complication of transphenoidal surgery. The Laryngoscope, Jan 2016.  Also presented at the American Academy of Otolaryngology Annual Meeting, Dallas, TX, Fall 2015.

Alfonso KP, Younes A. The Eight Year Nasal Foreign Body: A Case Report. Inter J Otorhinolaryngology, 2015

Kaufman, MR, Gal T. Submental Island Flap Reconstruction in Previously Irradiated Patients. Podium presentation at the American Academy of Otolaryngology Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA, Fall 2016

Kaufman, MR, Gal T. Comparison of Treatment Related Outcomes in Surgical (TORS) and Non-surgical Management of Oropharyngeal Carcinoma. Presented at AHNS 9th international conference on head and neck cancer, July 2016

Dobberpuhl M, Kenlan, Timoney, Comer. Effect of Nasal Endoscopy on Operative Time and Cost of Crawford Tube Placement. COSM: American Rhinological Society (ARS) Spring Meeting, May 19-20 2016.  Chicago, IL.

Dobberpuhl M, Maxwell, St. Claire, Feddock, Bush. Treatment Outcomes for Single Modality Management of Glomus Jugulare Tumors with Stereotactic Radiosurgery. Otology and Neurotology. 2016. 37(9): 1406-1410